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Causes of Gum Recession

Posted on 6/15/2024 by Martin Periodontics
a close up of healthy gums and pearly teethGum recession, a common dental issue, can lead to discomfort and potential complications if left untreated. Understanding the causes behind gum recession is essential for maintaining oral health and preventing further damage.

Misaligned Bite

A misaligned bite can exert uneven forces on the teeth and gums, leading to recession in certain areas. Correcting misalignments through orthodontic treatments can redistribute the forces evenly, reducing the strain on the gums and promoting overall oral health.

Overzealous Brushing

While maintaining oral hygiene is vital, overzealous brushing can, paradoxically, harm the gums. Abrasive brushing techniques and hard-bristled toothbrushes can erode gum tissue over time, increasing the risk of recession. Dentists recommend using a soft-bristled toothbrush and gentle brushing motions to protect the delicate gum line.

Trauma And Injury

Physical trauma to the gums, such as aggressive tooth brushing, teeth grinding (bruxism), or injury from dental procedures, can contribute to gum recession. Excessive force applied during brushing or grinding can wear away gum tissue over time, leading to recession. Using a soft-bristled toothbrush and wearing a mouthguard at night for bruxism can help minimize trauma and reduce the risk of gum recession.

Genetic Factors

Genetics can also play a role in predisposing individuals to gum recession. Some people may inherit thin or fragile gum tissues, making them more susceptible to recession even with diligent oral care. While genetics cannot be altered, awareness of family history can prompt proactive measures to mitigate the risk of gum recession through vigilant oral hygiene and regular dental visits.

Smoking and Tobacco Use

Smoking and tobacco use are significant risk factors for gum recession. Chemicals in tobacco products restrict blood flow to the gums, impairing their ability to heal and resist infection. Smokers are more likely to develop gum disease and experience accelerated gum recession compared to non-smokers. Quitting smoking and avoiding tobacco products can improve gum health and reduce the risk of recession.

Ensure to schedule routine dental appointments and consult with our dentist for personalized recommendations tailored to your oral health needs. Your commitment to oral hygiene today ensures a brighter, healthier smile tomorrow.
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